The Turkish War of Independence was a war waged by Turkish nationalists against the Allies, after the country was occupied following the Ottoman Empire’s defeat in World War I. The Turkish National Movement in Anatolia culminated in the formation of a new Grand National Assembly (GNA) by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and his colleagues. After the end of the Turkish-Armenian, Franco-Turkish, Greco-Turkish wars, the Treaty of Sèvres was abandoned and the Treaty of Lausanne was signed in July 1923.
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